Located in the Coa Valley, along the border of Guarda District, the Faia Brava Reserve covers about 1000ha of land in the municipalities of Figueira de Castelo Rodrigo and Pinhel. In this sector, the steep slopes of the river are formed by granite outcroppings and cliffs, a good habitat for the cliff-breeding birds. This area is inserted in the Coa Valley SPA (Natura 2000) and IBA (Birdlife International Important Bird Area) and, finally, in the Archaeological Park of the Coa Valley, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
In 2010 the Faia Brava Reserve was classified by the Nature and Biodiversity Conservation Institute (ICNB) as the first private protected area of the country and is also currently a pilot area of the European project Rewilding Europe, for the creation of wild natural areas and for the development of nature tourism in Europe.
The Coa Valley fauna is quite diverse, and this is the key factor for the value of this natural reserve. The most emblematic birds are the cliff-breeding ones, of which stand out:
Black Stork, Egyptian Vulture, Griffon vulture, Golden Eagle, Bonelli's Eagle, Short-toed Snake Eagle, Booted Eagle, Eagle Owl, Red-rumped Swallow, Crag Martin, Alpine Swift, White-rumped Swift, Red-necked Nightjar, European Bee-eater, Blue Rock Thrush, Orphean Warbler, Sardinian Warbler, Subalpine Warbler, Woodchat Shrike, Thekla Lark, Iberian Magpie, Spotless Starling, Spanish Sparrow.
Other important values
The rock engravings and cave paintings of Faia and Lapas Cabreiras (UNESCO), traditional dovecotes, the Maronesa herd of cows and the Garrano horses in semi-wild state.